The Guardian November 22, 2000

Capitalism's parasitic glory

by Anna Pha

After months of hiding in the backrooms dodging the GST flack, a jubilant 
Treasurer Peter Costello emerged last week talking up the economy and 
looking and sounding more and more like a future Prime Minister.

Costello talks as though no recession is in sight, as though economic 
growth will continue unabated, inflation is under control and unemployment 
is on the way out.

The pride and joy of Costello's mid-year budget review, however, is 
Treasury's estimates of a $4.3 billion budget surplus this financial year 
and a $4.7 billion surplus next year.

These surpluses come on top of the more than $50 billion already shaved 
from recent budgets. Music to the markets' ears!

But where did this surplus come from? Is it any reason to celebrate?

The budget surplus is a direct result of a massive redistribution of wealth 
that has been under way for close to 10 years now.

The process has been accelerated under the Howard Coalition Government.

This redistribution is taking place via changes in the taxation system, 
cuts to spending on public services, introduction of user pays and 

The changes to the taxation system have included reductions in the rate of 
tax on corporate profits and on the incomes of the rich plus the failure to 
address tax dodges such as through family trusts, negative gearing and 
dividend imputation.

The GST has increased the tax burden of those on low and middle incomes, 
but these increases have been nowhere near fully compensated by the tax 
cuts in other areas.

As a result the government is actually restructuring the system to bring 
about a real reduction in taxes collected.

While there is no shortage of money for handouts to private schools and the 
private health system or to corporate sector, funding on social and 
community services is being wound back, reducing government spending by 
billions of dollars.

The national broadcaster, the ABC, has had around $90 million cut from its 
budget since the Howard Government's election in 1996.

The Government is also planning to increase military spending by around 40 
per cent over the next ten years  money that will come out of a shrinking 
budget at the expense of people's needs.

Age pensioners, the unemployed, workers, students, the homeless and the 
sick are on the receiving end of the cuts.

As reported in last week's Guardian ("$170M rip-off") the government 
"saved"  in fact stole  $170 million from the pockets of unemployed 
workers, students and others for minor breaches to social security rules.

Unemployed youth are being fined up to $1,300 by Centrelink for minor 
breaches, pushing many of them into homelessness and the most acute 

Quite often the lack of a home address has played a part in their failure 
to meet Centrelink requirements. Charities report daily on the rise in 
demand for services from desperate families trying to survive on inadequate 

A report by the Smith Family has found that one in four poor Australians 
are part of a growing class of working poor.

An estimated 2.4 million Australians live in poverty  a direct result of 
the very government policies and corporate greed that has brought about the 
budget surpluses.

According to the Smith Family report 42 per cent of poor families have one 
or both parents working.

Many of them are in casual or part-time employment. Many low paid workers 
have suffered a drop in earnings, a direct result of Workplace Relations 
Minister Peter Reith's attack on trade unions and the introduction of 
individual work contracts and the stripping back of awards.

As a result of this heightened exploitation, the big corporations are 
reporting large increases in profits without corresponding increases in the 
amount of revenue from sales.

Business Review Weekly (November 17, 2000) points out that the top 
25 corporations (in Australia) increased their revenue (from sales, etc) by 
13.7 per cent last year, but their net profit after tax was up 47.2 per 
cent, "meaning companies are extracting more profit from their revenue".

This additional profit comes straight out of the pockets of workers and 
through tax cuts and tax avoidance.

Every bank or corporate merger or takeover, and every privatisation is 
accompanied by thousands of job losses and another attack on workers' wages 
and working conditions and the increased enrichment of major shareholders 
and directors counted in billions of dollars.

The official unemployment figures might be down thanks to casualisation and 
under-employment that are at their highest level for decades, and by 
forcing people off the unemployment lists.

More people than ever are hurting as the government's policies take their 

The politics behind the surplus are criminal by their very nature, 
facilitating as they do the increased exploitation of labour and the 
unbridled plunder of publicly-owned assets and the nation's wealth by a 
handful of transnational corporations.

Peter Costello is actually celebrating capitalism in all its parasitic 

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