The Guardian November 15, 2000

USA: The civil war continues

At the time of writing, the final results of the presidential election 
are still in doubt. Millions of working family voters went to the polls 
determined to elect a President and Congress that would move our country in 
a progressive direction. The stakes are very high.

Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore is the clear winner of the 
popular vote over Republican George W Bush in the November 7 election. But 
Gore has not been declared the winner because the final arbiter of who wins 
the presidency is the antiquated, undemocratic Electoral College.

But the electoral college could nevertheless make Bush President against 
the expressed will of the people. The electoral college consists of 539 
electors, apportioned among the states based on their number of 
Representatives and Senators in Congress. It takes 270 electoral votes to 
win the presidency.

Republican George W Bush announced victory, albeit cautiously, on the basis 
of his claim of Florida's crucial 25 electoral votes. But fewer than 2,000 
votes, out of 5.6 million, separate Gore and Bush in the Sunshine State, a 
tally so close that a recount is under way.

Officials warn the recount and possible challenges could take at least 10 
days to complete. Meanwhile, charges of ballot irregularities are swirling 
and demands are rising for a full investigation.

A broad anti-right-wing electoral coalition spearheaded by the labour 
movement, African Americans, Latinos, women and environmental, senior, 
youth and student organisations, gay and lesbian groups and other allies 
was active in nearly every state and did a remarkable job mobilising 
millions of voters.

A record turnout of Black and Hispanic voters was organised by the NAACP 
and Latino voter groups. It helped Gore carry several battleground states 
including Michigan and Pennsylvania.

Lisa Canada, political action director of the Metro Detroit AFL-CIO, said 
that "According to exit polls, 46 per cent of the voters identified 
themselves as members of union households ... We focused exclusively on 
getting out our own members."

One major factor was that the United Auto Workers negotiated election day 
as a paid holiday.

"In UAW Region 1, we had 2,000 UAW volunteers on election day", Canada 
said. "If the UAW had not negotiated that paid holiday, our list of 
election day volunteers would have been a lot shorter. We had a huge 
turnout of UAW members."

A similar heroic effort by organised labour was under way all across the 

This election also changed the Congress for the better. Even though it 
remains under the dominance of the old right-wing Republican leadership, 
the Senate Democrats registered a net gain of two seats.

Several right-wing heavy hitters, like House impeachment leader James 
Rogan, were also defeated. The number of women in the next Senate will 
reach double digits for the first time.

Still incomplete returns show that the Republican margin in the House will 
also narrow. This means that both the Senate and the House will likely be 
more responsive to pressure from the people than before November 7.

Some positives in the election results were the defeat of school voucher 
referenda in Michigan and California and Alabama voters ended the state's 
ban on inter-racial marriages.

A setback was Arizona's approval of a ballot initiative to ban bilingual 

Whatever the final outcome, the challenge for progressive forces in the 
post-election period is to help build a coalition that will fight around 
the vital issues debated during the campaign such as:

* saving Social Security from privatisation;
* a federal prescription drug plan;
* a law against racial profiling and hate crimes;
* living wage measures;
* campaign finance reform;
* to stop "Star Wars";
*  death penalty moratorium; and
*  budget "surplus" to the people, not the rich.

The Republicans, from Bush on down, ran deceitful campaigns and that is how 
they would try to run the country.

If Gore wins, the struggle continues also.

This election shows the growing independence of labour, civil rights and 
other progressive forces and that independent forces on the left need a 
higher level of unity.

The stage is set for struggle. The road ahead will be rocky. There are 
great dangers, but with unity and action the people can win.

* * *
The above article is drawn from reports by Jarvis Tyner, Executive Vice Chair of the CPUSA, and Tim Wheeler, Editor of the Communist Party USA's weekly People's Weekly World.

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