The Guardian September 20, 2000

Olympic shadow over Australian civil liberties

by Peter Mac

A lot has been written lately about the sweeping powers granted to military 
forces under the recently-introduced Federal legislation. The rationale 
given for introduction of this legislation is the need to protect the 
public from the activities of international terrorists. However, the 
Federal Defence Minister John Moore and the Attorney-General Daryl Williams 
have jointly stated that there is "no threat of terrorism against the 
Sydney 2000 Games".

Less publicity has been given to state laws introduced by the NSW 
Government. This legislation is particularly disturbing because it curtails 
the right to freedom of expression, the right to protest and freedom of 
assembly and movement, all of which have been to date guaranteed by law.

It allows for the searching and removal of persons on the frailest of 
pretexts, authorises these activities to be carried out by police, the 
military and "authorised persons" operating on behalf of public and private 
organisations, and involves the large-scale use of military forces against 

It would appear that the legislation is not only aimed at protecting the 
public from terrorism, but also at removing the homeless and the poor from 
the gaze of international visitors and the media and the suppression of 
civil protest. 

There are plenty of people who are not happy at the staging of the Games, 
in particular the enormous cost, the corruption, the resultant pressure on 
the poor through rental increases and budget cuts, and Aboriginal people 
who have waited in vain for the Prime Minister to say "sorry". 

The legislation entitles security forces to prevent different activities 
that may normally be carried out legally. It gives them the power to warn, 
search and remove persons from public places (not just in the Olympics 

Police may remove a person after the second warning if they consider that 
that person's presence would obstruct, harass, intimidate or cause fear in 
another person, even if that other person is not present!

State police at least are governed by legislation intended to protect the 
public from excessive force, corruption or other forms of injustice, and 
with access to the NSW Ombudsman.

No such constraint applies to other private "authorised persons" and 
"enforcement officers". These shadowy individuals are required to identify 
themselves only on request, and need only give one warning before removing 

They are legally entitled to use "reasonable force" to search and remove 

They may also prevent the distribution of "advertising" material, stop the 
use of cameras, recording or broadcasting equipment, ban persons from areas 
under their control, search people and their possessions, demand names, 
addresses and proof of identity, photograph alleged offenders, seize 
property and issue on-the-spot fines of $200.

Police and "authorised persons" may remove people from sportsgrounds 
(including spectator areas) without any prior warning or request to move.

The offences which may be used to justify removal include the use of 
obscene language, the possession of liquor, and such vague offences as 
failure to comply with a request aimed at securing "good order and 
management" of locations and causing "annoyance or inconvenience".

You can even get lumbered for using roller blades! The police need only 
provoke the use of indecent language in order to justify removal from a 
public place.

Incidentally, the "public places" are not limited to the Homebush Bay 
Olympic complex, but include Bondi Beach, Darling Harbour, Sydney Harbour, 
Centennial Park, Randwick and Bankstown, and the Nepean River rowing and 
canoeing venue.

You think that's bad? What about the legislation for use of the Army? Or 
other "special" Australian security forces? Or, for that matter, armed 
security forces from other countries that are now operating in Australia, 
ostensibly to protect their citizens involved with the Olympics?

The Australian Army will be involved in operations which correspond to 
counter-terrorism, including vehicle searches, bomb disposal and naval 
explosive clearance.

However, they will also have more vaguely-defined responsibilities, such as 
ceremonial activities and "managing... logistics, communications and 

The use of "military aid to the civil power" is clouded with legal 
ambiguity as to the rights of citizens in such circumstances, including the 
right to protection from the activity of the military.

Although military forces have been used for the public benefit, for example 
in the wake of floods and other natural disasters, they have also been used 
to oppose industrial action, such as in the 1989 airline's dispute, and the 
1949 miners' strike.

The military were placed on full alert to suppress possible civil protests 
after the illegal dismissal of the Whitlam Government in 1975, and were 
also called out after the 1978 Hilton bombing, which many suspect of having 
been deliberately staged by ASIO.

Other security forces are known to be currently operating in Australia, 
including armed personnel from the US and Israeli security forces. FBI 
officers and military liaison officers are here.

ASIO officers are said to have questioned members of Sydney's Arab and 
Islamic community regarding Palestinian suggestions of an Arab boycott of 
the Games.

Nevertheless, international events have repeatedly demonstrated that the US 
reserves the right to intervene unilaterally, if necessary, in other 
nations, as it did in the lead-up to the Whitlam sacking of 1975.

And perhaps the biggest question of all: what happens to the security 
legislation after the Olympics? Will it be repealed?

Even if it is, will it serve for the rapid introduction of similar 
legislation in the future?

One commentator has observed: "... the security operation is designed to 
silence those planning to protest during the games and generally intimidate 
youth and ordinary people.

"Secondly, it will set an expanded legal precedent and provide extensive 
practice for the use of `military aid to the civil power' in the event of 
rising social tensions of the type revealed by the planned Olympic 

* * *
Special acknowledgements to Michael Head, lecturer in Law, University of Western Sydney.

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