Communist Party of Australia

We acknowledge the Sovereignty of the First Nations’ Peoples.


Journal of the Communist Party of Australia


The struggle for socialism in a changed world

This article is an excerpt of a document submitted by the Communist Party USA to the meeting of Communist and Workers’ parties in Athens, Greece in June 1995. It is reprinted from the July 15, 1995 issue of Weekly World.

Experience shows that the period of transition between capitalism and communism will, in general, be longer than had been thought. Socialism has some basic characteristics common for all countries – ownership of the basic means of production, communications and transport by the workers and farmers state in which the Marxist-Leninist party has the leading role. This does not preclude the possibility, and in some cases the necessity, for non-socialist forms of ownership in other areas of the economy for a period of time within the transition. 

The transition to communism is marked by the presence of aspects of capitalism even as the tender shoots of the future communism begin to appear.

Among other reasons, capitalism is present in the economy, ideology and culture by the very fact that the new socialist state cannot isolate itself from the rest of the world, but must interact with capitalist states in trade, etc.

Within this evolving relationship, the forces and factors representing the communist future must gain strength from year to year.

The class struggle does not come to an end with the establishment of the workers and farmers state. It continues in new forms, on all fronts and levels as long as capitalism exists in the world, as long as the socialist economy must interact with capitalist economies – all the more so at a time when the transnational corporations expand their industrial-financial penetrations into every area open to them.

Fundamental to the existence and future of socialism in power is the retention of political control at all times over the basic sectors of the economy and finance, as well as of military security, by the socialist state under the guidance of the Marxist-Leninist party.

The basic aims of the cold war continue: against socialist Cuba, the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea, against Vietnam and China as well as against the independence and sovereignty of the countries of the developing world to prevent them from freely choosing their own roads of development, their own way of life. All Marxist-Leninist parties continue as targets of the cold war.

The demise of the Soviet Union removed the main force for peace and stability in relations among nations, the chief road block to the use of force by imperialism in its drive for world domination.

The aftermath is a period of volatile instability with intensified and growing contradictions among the imperialist powers, an ever widening gulf between the developed and underdeveloped countries, the rise of extreme nationalism giving rise to local wars of aggrandisement.

The imperialist nuclear powers seek to manipulate, stoke and control the waging of local wars to advance their contending plans for world domination. A general war menacing all life on Earth could result from the fusion of a “little war” with the aggressive aims of a major nuclear power such as US imperialism.

The existence of nuclear, chemical and biological weapon stockpiles stands astride the road blocking the free movements of peoples and nations towards progress, economic and political self-determination, national independence and sovereignty and the right to a social system of their own choice.

The priority task uniting the efforts of Communists and all progressive-democratic peoples everywhere should be an energetic program of action to achieve:

Immediate measures to bring an end to all nuclear, chemical and biological arsenals by the year 2014, the 100th anniversary of the first imperialist war.

The immediate end to the US blockade of Cuba and the establishment of full diplomatic and trade relations.

Withdrawal of US forces and weapons from South Korea, clearing the road for the peaceful reunification of the Korean peninsula.

Withdrawal of all the armed forces of the imperialist powers from foreign countries and waters.

Non-interference by any country in the internal affairs of any other country. Recognition of the right of all countries to determine for themselves their way of life, their social and economic system, form of government, etc.The New World Order promoted by US imperialism and energetically advanced by the IMF, GATT, World Bank, NAFTA and other instruments has one main objective: to extract the maximum profit from the rest of the world.

Where the Soviet Union trained thousands of engineers, doctors, scientists and other highly-skilled specialists for Third World countries, imperialist USA trained legions of military officers whose death squads have murdered and tortured tens of thousands of freedom-seeking workers and peasants in Latin America and elsewhere.

Today, more than one billion of the world’s population lives in extreme poverty. Yet, in the 50 years since the end of the second world war, the world’s wealth has increased sevenfold.

This vast accumulation of wealth must be put to work to wipe out the concomitant vast accumulation of poverty, hunger, homelessness, environmental hazards and the illnesses they breed.

The ever-widening gap between have and have not classes and peoples calls for the urgent coming together in each country and on a world scale of all concerned forces to halt the erosion of life and nature, to work out grassroots solutions.

United action of trade union and social movements is crucial to defeat the imperialist New World Order and curb the super-exploitation by the transnationals.

The instability in the world situation and the ever-growing chasm between the very rich and the great mass of the poverty-stricken calls for urgent consultations among the Communist parties to advance the struggle for common solutions.

Back to index page