The Guardian 4 May, 2005

China, Indonesia
forge "strategic partnership"

The heads of state of China and Indonesia have agreed to establish a strategic partnership to promote bilateral ties. The visiting Chinese President Hu Jintao and his Indonesian counterpart Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono signed a joint declaration following recent talks.

Hu was on a state visit to Indonesia after attending the 2005 Asian-African Summit and the Golden Jubilee Commemoration of the 1955 Asian-African Conference in Bandung Indonesia.

The two heads of state agreed that China and Indonesia have become important partners for cooperation and that, as two major developing countries, they should develop a strategic perspective in addressing their long-term interests.

Taking their relations to a new level will benefit the two countries and their people as well as making new contributions to solidarity and cooperation among the developing countries said the joint declaration.

"The strategic partnership shall be a non-aligned and non-exclusive relationship aimed at promoting peace, stability and the prosperity of the two countries."

The two countries are to work together to build comprehensive and mutually beneficial ties in meeting the challenges of the new millennium while strengthening regional and international peace, stability and prosperity said the joint declaration.

Political and security cooperation

"China supports Indonesia in its efforts to maintain national unity and territorial integrity and Indonesia reiterates its continuing adherence to the one China policy and its recognition that the Government of the People’s Republic of China is the sole legal government representing all of China and that Taiwan is an inalienable part of China and supports the process of peaceful reunification of China," said the joint declaration.

The two presidents supported the reform and democratisation of the UN system, while strengthening cooperation between the Asian and African countries through the New Asian-African Strategic Partnership, the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) and the Group of 77 in facing the challenges of globalisation and the changing world environment.

The two heads of state also agreed to strengthen cooperation in the fight against terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.

Economic development

The two heads of state agreed to sustain economic growth under the principles of equality, mutual benefit and diversity enhancing both their economic partnership and economic independence.

They agreed to promote investment cooperation including by the private sectors. There is to be dialogue and consultation on energy policy and cooperation in the development of infrastructures such as roads, bridges, ports, as well as power and telecommunications facilities.

There is to be joint research in the fields of food, medicine with emphasis on biotechnology, energy, transportation, information and communication, and defence, said the joint declaration.

Human rights

The two heads of state agreed to value human rights and fundamental freedoms on the basis of equality and equity and strive to protect such rights and freedoms in all levels of society and within the international community in accordance to the principles of the UN Charter.

There is to be "cooperation in tourism, arts, media, sports and among youth groups and non-governmental organisations in order to ensure that the China-Indonesia friendship is carried forward from generation to generation," said the joint declaration.

Following the tsunami tragedy the two government leaders agreed to work closely in the fields of natural disaster prevention and management through developing advanced early warning, emergency relief and post-disaster reconstruction.

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